Defining Terrorism (EU)

Aims of terrorism:

  • seriously intimidating a population;
  • unduly compelling a government or an international organisation to perform or abstain from performing any act;
  • seriously destabilising or destroying the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social structures of a country or an international organisation.

Art. 3(2), Directive (EU) 2017/541 on combating terrorism (15 March 2017)

Terrorist offences: Offences committed with one of the aims listed on the previous slide:

  • attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death;
  • attacks upon the physical integrity of a person; 
  • kidnapping or hostage-taking; 
  • causing extensive destruction to a government or public facility, a transport system, an infrastructure facility, including an information system, a fixed platform located on the continental shelf, a public place or private property likely to endanger human life or result in major economic loss; 
  • seizure of aircraft, ships or other means of public or goods transport; 
  • manufacture, possession, acquisition, transport, supply or use of explosives or weapons, including chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons, as well as research into, and development of, chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons; 
  • release of dangerous substances, or causing fires, floods or explosions, the effect of which is to endanger human life; ​
  • interfering with or disrupting the supply of water, power or any other fundamental natural resource, the effect of which is to endanger human life; ​
  • illegal system interference, as referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2013/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (1) on attacks against information systems;​
  • threatening to commit any of these acts listed above.​

Art. 3 (1), Directive (EU) 2017/541 on combating terrorism (15 March 2017):